Paul Edward Theroux (born April 10, 1941) is an American travel writer and novelist, whose best known work of travel writing is perhaps The Great Railway Bazaar (1975). He has published numerous works of fiction, some of which were made into feature films. He was awarded the 1981 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for his novel The Mosquito Coast on which the 1986 movie is based.
He is the father of British authors and documentary makers Louis Theroux and Marcel Theroux, the brother of authors Alexander Theroux and Peter Theroux, and uncle of the American actor and screenwriter Justin Theroux.
Theroux was born in Medford, Massachusetts, the son of Catholic parents; his mother, Anne (née Dittami), was Italian American, and his father, Albert Eugene Theroux, was French-Canadian. His mother was a grammar school teacher and his father was a salesman for the American Leather Oak company. Theroux was a Boy Scout and ultimately achieved the rank of Eagle Scout.
After he finished his university education, Theroux joined the Peace Corps in 1963 as a teacher in Malawi. A new program, the Peace Corps had sent its first volunteers overseas in 1961. While there, Theroux helped a political opponent of Prime Minister Hastings Banda escape to Uganda. For this Theroux was expelled from Malawi and thrown out of the Peace Corps. He was declared persona non grata by Banda in Malawi for sympathizing with Yatuta Chisiza. As a consequence, his later novel Jungle Lovers, which concerns an attempted coup in the country, was banned in Malawi for many years. He then moved to Uganda to teach at Makerere University, where he wrote for the magazine, Transition.
While at Makerere, Theroux began his friendship with novelist V. S. Naipaul, then a visiting scholar at the university. During his time in Uganda, an angry mob at a demonstration threatened to overturn the car in which his pregnant wife was riding. This incident may have contributed Template:Citation needed to his decision to leave Africa. He moved again to Singapore. After two years of teaching at the National University of Singapore, he settled in the United Kingdom, first in Dorset, and then in south London with his wife and two young children.
His first novel, Waldo, was published during his time in Uganda and was moderately successful. He published several more novels over the next few years, including Fong and the Indians and Jungle Lovers. On his return to Malawi many years later, he found that this latter novel, which was set in that country, was still banned, a story told in his book Dark Star Safari.London in 1972, Theroux set off on an epic journey by train from Great Britain to Japan and back. His account of this journey was published as The Great Railway Bazaar, his first major success as a travel writer and now a classic in the genre. He has since written a number of other travel books, including descriptions of traveling by train from Boston to Argentina (The Old Patagonian Express), walking around the United Kingdom (The Kingdom By The Sea), kayaking in the South Pacific (The Happy Isles Of Oceania), visiting China (Riding the Iron Rooster), and traveling from Cairo to Cape Town (Dark Star Safari). As a traveler he is noted for his rich descriptions of people and places, laced with a heavy streak of irony, or even misanthropy. Other non-fiction by Theroux includes Sir Vidia's Shadow, an account of his personal and professional friendship with Nobel laureate V. S. Naipaul that ended abruptly after 30 years.
Theroux was married to Anne Castle from 1967 to 1993. They had two sons: Marcel and Louis, both of whom are writers and television presenters. He also has an older son from a college relationship who was given up for adoption. He has been married to Sheila Donnelly since 1995. In his books, Theroux alludes to his ability to speak Italian, French, German, Spanish, Urdu, Chichewa, Swahili, and Mandarin Chinese. He resides in Hawaii and Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
By including versions of himself, his family, and acquaintances in some of his fiction, Theroux has occasionally disconcerted his readers. "A. Burgess, Slightly Foxed: Fact and Fiction", a story originally published in The New Yorker, describes a dinner at the narrator's home with author Anthony Burgess and a book-hoarding philistine lawyer who nags the narrator for an introduction to the great writer. Burgess arrives drunk and cruelly mocks the lawyer, who introduces himself as a fan. The narrator’s wife is named Anne, and she shrewishly refuses to help with the dinner. The magazine later published a letter from Anne Theroux denying that Burgess was ever a guest in their home and expressing admiration for him, having once interviewed the real Burgess for the BBC: “I was dismayed to read in your August 7th edition a story … by Paul Theroux, in which a very unpleasant character with my name said and did things that I have never said or done.” When the story was incorporated into Theroux’s novel, My Other Life (1996), the wife was renamed "Alison", and reference to her work at the BBC was excised.
Theroux's sometimes caustic portrait of Nobel Laureate V. S. Naipaul in his memoir Sir Vidia's Shadow (1998) contrasts sharply with his earlier, gushing portrait of the same author in V. S. Naipaul, an Introduction to His Work (1972); events in their relationship over the 26 years between the two books colored the perspective of the later book.
His novel Jungle Lovers (1971) was banned by the government in Malawi for many years, and his novel Saint Jack (1973) was banned by the government of Singapore for 30 years. Both were banned because they were considered too critical of the government's leader(s), or cast the country in an unfavorable light.
Theroux has criticized Bono, Brad Pitt, and Angelina Jolie as "mythomaniacs, people who wish to convince the world of their worth." He has also asserted that "the impression that Africa is fatally troubled and can be saved only by outside help—not to mention celebrities and charity concerts—is a destructive and misleading conceit".
Book critic John Ryle has disparaged Theroux's opinions on international aid, accusing him of ignorance: "'Aid is a failure,' he says, 'because the only people dishing up the food and doling out the money are foreigners. No Africans are involved'. But the majority of employees of international aid agencies in Africa, at almost all levels, are Africans. In some African countries it is international aid agencies that provide the most consistent source of employment ... The problem is not, as Theroux says, that Africans are not involved; it is, if anything, the opposite."
Still, Theroux remains optimistic about Africa: "I'm not pessimistic about Africa. The cities just seem big and hopeless. But there's still a great green heart where there's possibility. There's hope in the wilderness ... What Africa needs is a little organization and better government."
Theroux has described himself in his early 20s - when he joined the Peace Corps and went to Africa - as an "angry and agitated young man" who felt he had to escape the confines of Massachusetts and a hostile U.S. foreign policy. He says he now has "the disposition of a hobbit," and remains optimistic about most of his subject matter. "I need happiness in order to write well...being depressed merely produces depressing literature in my case," he explains.
Select awards and honors
- Fellow, Royal Society of Literature and Royal Geographical Society in UK
- Honorary doctorate in literature from Trinity College in Washington, D.C.
- Honorary doctorate in literature from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts
- 1990: Maria Thomas Fiction Award, lifetime achievement award
- 1983: American Book Award nominee - The Mosquito Coast
- 1981: James Tait Black Memorial Prize - The Mosquito Coast
- 1981: American Book Award nominee - The Old Patagonian Express
- 1989: Thomas Cook Travel Book Award - Riding the Iron Rooster
- 1978: Whitbread Prize for Best Novel - Picture Palace
- 1977: American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters award for literature
- 1972, 1976, 1977, and 1979: The Playboy Editorial Award for Best Story
- Saint Jack was filmed by director Peter Bogdanovich (1979).
- Doctor Slaughter was made into the film Half Moon Street (1986).
- The Mosquito Coast was made into a film of the same name (1986).
- Chinese Box (1997), a film about the British handover of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China, credits Theroux as a source for the story, based on themes he explored in his 1997 novel Kowloon Tong.
- A Christmas Card was a radio play dramatized by Nick Warburton and directed by Marilyn Imrie for BBC Radio 4, 29 December 1997.
- The Stranger at the Palazzo D'Oro was a radio play directed by Lu Kemp for BBC Radio 4, 17 December 2004.
Novels and short story collections
- V. S. Naipaul, an Introduction to His Work (1972)
- The Great Railway Bazaar (1975)
- The Old Patagonian Express (1979)
- The Kingdom by the Sea (1983)
- Sailing Through China (1984)
- Sunrise with Seamonsters (1985)
- The Imperial Way (1985)
- Riding the Iron Rooster (1988)
- To the Ends of the Earth (1990)
- The Happy Isles of Oceania (1992)
- The Pillars of Hercules (1995)
- Sir Vidia's Shadow (1998)
- Fresh Air Fiend (2000)
- Dark Star Safari (2002)
- Ghost Train to the Eastern Star (2008)
- The Tao of Travel (2011)
- The Last Train to Zona Verde (2013)
- Houghton Mifflin - official site for Paul Theroux
- "Notable Former Volunteers / Arts and Literature". Peace Corps official site
- Peace Corps biography of Paul Theroux
- Paul Theroux Discussion Group
- Fan site for Paul Theroux
- Paul Theroux articles at Byliner
- Burgess as Fictional Character in Theroux and Byatt, John J. Stinson (Université d'Angers, 2000)
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- Stephen Capen Interview on Worldguide, Futurist Radio Hour -- November 27, 1995
- Stephen Capen Interview Number Two, Worldguide - September 25, 1996
- Living on the Edge: Paul Theroux
- Booknotes interview with Theroux on Dark Star Safari, May 18, 2003.
- Template:Cite book
- Template:Cite news
- Dark Star Safari by Paul Theroux, page 329, Penguin edition publ. 2002, ISBN 978-0-14-028111-8
- Famous Author Summers in Sandwich Cape Cod Today, 3 September 2008
- The New Yorker, August 7, 1995.
- The New Yorker, September 18, 1995, p.14.
- Paul Theroux, Ghost Train to the Eastern Star, p. 320.
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- John Ryle, "Review: Dark Star Safari by Paul Theroux", The Guardian, 2 November 2002.
- Paul Theroux, "Author Paul Theroux on his final African journey", USA Today, 23 May 2013.
- Interview with Eleanor Wachtel, CBC Radio, 30th International Festival of Authors, Toronto, October 25, 2009.
- Lyceum Agency -- Paul Theroux
- Maria Thomas Fiction Award for Peace Corps Writers